Bakur is the Kurdish name for the southeastern part of Turkey, home to nearly half world’s Kurds.
Since 1984, when the Marxist-Leninist Kurdish political party the PKK launched the armed struggle against the Turkish government, more than 40,000 people have died. Violence and oppression have hit at the core of the region’s social fabric, impacting education and business, stalling growth and progress.
In eastern and southeastern Anatolia, socioeconomic development has been virtually non-existent. Kurdish society calls for full recognition of their identity by the Turkish government. Meanwhile, Kurdish minorities in Iraq and Syria have been increasing in power.
Since July 2015, the region has been plunged into some of its worst violence in years with daily clashes between Turkish army and militants from PKK. The new conflict has shattered a two-year ceasefire that raised hopes to end three decades of fighting.